A SYNOPTICAL TABLE


A SYNOPTICAL TABLE
OF THE CHIEF TERMS USED IN BRITISH HERALDRY.

N.B. The terms in Italic type will be found in their alphabetical order in the Glossary. Those in ordinary type will, in nearly all cases, be found described under the preceding Italic word. Where there is any difficulty, the cross reference must be turned to in the double column at the foot of the page throughout the Glossary.

I. TINCTURES.
  1. Or(Gold).  4. Azure(Blue).  7. Purpure(Purple).
  2. Argent(Silver).  5. Sable(Black).  8. Tenné(Orange or Tawny?).
  3. Gules(Red).  6. Vert(Green).  9. Sanguine(Bloodcolour).

FURS.
  Ermine  Ermines.  Pean.  Vair.
      Erminois.  Erminites.  Potent or Meirré.      Counter vair.

IRREGULAR TINCTURES (used chiefly in crests and supporters).
Colours, ash, bay, brown, carnation, earth, grey, russet, white, &c.

II. ORDINARIES.
1. Chief.
  2. Fess.  4. Bend dexter.  6. Pale.  8. Cross.b
  3. Bara.  5. Bend sinister.  7. Chevron.  9. Saltire.

III. LINES.

A. LINES OF PARTITION APPLIED CHIEFLY TO THE FIELD.
  Per fess.   Per bend[Dexter].   Per pile.  Quarterly, (i.e. per cross)
  Per pale.  Per bend sinister.  Per chevron.  Per saltire.
Gyronny(i.e. per cross and saltire, &c.).

B. LINES OF DIVERSITY APPLIED CHIEFLY TO THE FIELD.
  Barry.  Pily.  Lozengy.  Fretty.
  Paly.  Chevronny.  Fusilly.      Latticed.
  Bendy[Dexter].   Chevronelly.  Masculy.  Gobony.
  Bendy sinister.  Chequy.  Tortilly.  Masoned.

C. LINES OF DIVERSITY APPLIED CHIEFLY TO ORDINARIES.
  Embattled.  Raguly.  Dovetailed.  Champaine.
      Bretessed.  Dancetty.  Engrailed.  Undy or Wavy.
      Counter embattled.  Indented.  Invected.  Nebuly.
N.B. The lines of Diversity under C may be combined with most under A in partitioning the field, and with some beneath B in diversifying the field.

a By only a few Heralds considered as a diminutive of the fesse. b And of this there are a large number of varieties to which different names are applied. See the alphabetical list given on page 179.

xvi SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

LINES(continued).

D. LINES OF TRUNCATION OF THE SHIELD(considered as abatements).
  Plain Point.  Point dexter.   Point Dexter base.
  Point pointed.   Gore Dexter   Gore sinister.
  Point champaine.   Gusset Dexter   Gusset sinister.

IV. POINTS OF THE ESCUTCHEON.
  Dexter chief point.   middle chief point.  sinister chief point.
  Dexter base point.   honour or collar point.   Sinister base point.
      fess point.  
      nombril point.  
       Middlebase point.   

V. CONVENTIONAL CHARGES(INCLUDING SUB-ORDINARIES).

A. DIMINUTIVES OF THE ORDINARIESc AND THE LIKE.
  Fillets.  Bendlets.  Chevronels.
  Viure(?).  Scarpes.  Crosslets.
  Barrulets.  Closets.  Saltorels.
  Pallets.  Cotises.  

B. SUBORDINARIES WHICH APPARENTLY ENCROACH UPON THE FIELD.
  Canton.  Bordure.  Piled.
  Quarter.  Orle.  Gyron.
  Inescutcheon.  Tressure.  Flaunches.

C. SUBORDINARIESe AND OTHER CONVENTIONAL RECTILINEAR CHARGES.
  Fret.  Mullet and Rowel.  Lozenge.
  Pall.  Billet.  Mascle.
  Shakefork.  Cube.  Fusil.
  Baton.  Delf.  Rustre.
  Label.  Esquire.  Triangle.

D. CONVENTIONAL CURVILINEAR CHARGES.
  Annulet.  Roundles.      Pomey(vert).
  Gurges.      Bezant(or).      Golpe(purpure).
  Gouttes.      Plate(argent).      Guze(sanguine).
  Crescentf.      Hurt(azure).      Orange(tenne).
  Estoilef.      Torteau(gules).      Fountain(argent and
  Fer de molinef.      Pellet(sable).                            [azure).

c By some Heralds the diminutives of the Ordinaries are reckoned as SUBORDINARIES.d By many Heralds reckoned as an Ordinary.e Besides the nine SUBORDINARIES in list B, the Fret, the Pall, and the Label, are usually considered subordinaries; but there is much disagreement amongst authors.f These three are rather charges of which the drawing is conventional.

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xvii

VI. CHARGES TAKEN FROM THE HUMAN FIGURE.
  Archer.  Man, wild.  Man, soldiers.
  Armour, man in.    // savage.    // Danish Warrior.
      Chevalier.    // Negro.    // Watchman.
  King.    // Moor.    // [Russian].
  Bishop.    // Blackamoor.    // [Highlander].
  Child.    // African.    // Woodman.
      Boy.    // Indian.    // Gardener.
      Infant.    // [Mandarin.]g    // Miner.

VII. RELIGIOUS AND ECCLESIASTICAL CHARGES.
  Trinity(Symbol of  Saint Michael.  Crosier.
      the).    // Giles.      Episcopal Staff.
  Crucifix.    // Boniface.      Bishop's Crook.
  Crown of Thorns.    // Columb.      Pastoral Staff.
  Passion Nails.    // Andrew.  Pilgrim's Staff.
  Lamb(Paschal).    // Bryce.    // Crutch.
  Virgin Mary, The.    // Columba.    // Scrip.
      The Infant Saviour.    // Giles.  Staffs, various.
  Evangelistic symbols.    // Magnus.  Escallop Shell.
  Letter M.      and others.  Rosary.
  Letters A and Omega.  S.John's Head in      Beads.
  Angel.      a charger.  Church.
  Charity.  S.George's Cross.      Cathedral.
  Justice.  S.Andrew's Cross.      Chapel.
  Cherub.  S.Patrick's Cross.      Porch.
  Paradise, Tree of.  S.Antony's Fire.      Shrine.
    // Adam and Eve in.  S.Bartholomew's      Altar tomb.
  Noah's Ark.      Knife.  Tombstone.
  Moses' Head.  S.Peter's Keys.  Altar.
  Burning Bush.  S.Catherine's Wheel.  Monastery.
  Mount Ararat with  S.Guthlac's Scourges.  Ruins of old Abbey.
      Raphael and To-  Cross of Calvary.  Church Bell.
      bias in base.    // Jerusalem.  Censer.
  Nimbus.    // S.Antony.  Fanon.
  Pall, Archiepiscopal.    // S.Julian.  Chalice.
  Prester John.    // S.Chad.  Mortcour.
  Kings of Cologne.    

g N.B. Those printed within brackets have not been met with by the Editor as Charges, but most of them occur as Supporters, Crests, or Badges.

xviii SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

VIII. CLASSICAL AND MYTHOLOGICAL CHARGES.
  Apollo.  Hercules(?).  Neptune.
  Bacchus' Faces.  Jupiter's Thunderbolt.  Neptune's Trident.
  Britannia.  Mercury's Caduceus.  Pallas' Shield.
  Golden Fleece.  Midas' Head.  Roman Fasces.
  Esculapius' Rod.    Victory.

IX. CHARGES TAKEN FROM BEASTS.
      QUADRUMANA.  Panther.      UNGULATA.
  Ape.      Ounce.  Rhinoceros.
      [Monkey].      Lynx.  Horse.
      Cat.      Nag.
      PROBOSCIDEA.      Mountain Cat.      Colt.
  Elephant.      Wild Cat.  Ass.
          Musion.      Mule.
      CETACEA.      Lezard.  Camel.
  Whale.  Dog.  Deer.
  Dolphin.      Alant.      Stag.
          Bloodhound.      Buck.
      CHEIROPTERA.      Greyhound.      Doe.
  Bat.      Hound.      Fawn.
      Reremouse.      Levrier.      Hart.
          Mastiff.      Hind.
      INSECTIVORA.      Spaniel.      Roebuck.
  Hedgehog.      Talbot.      Reindeer.
  Mole.  Wolf.      Brocket.
      Fox.  Antelope.
      RODENTIA.      Tod.      Ibex.
  Hare.      Genet.  Goat.
      Rabbit.  Otter.      Assyrian Goat.
      Coney.  Weasel.  Sheep.
      Levrets.      Ermine.  Ram.
  Porcupine.      Foine.  Lamb.
  Beaver.      Marten.  Bull.
  Rat.  Civet Cat.      Ox.
  Squirrel.  Badger.      Cow.
          Gray.      Calf.
      CARNIVORA.      Brock.      Buffalo.
  Lion.  Bear.  Boar.
      Leopard.      Sea Bear.      Hog.
      Lioncel.  Seal.      Sanglier.
  Tiger.      Sea Calf.      Grice.
          Morse.      Marcassin.
          [Camelopard].

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xix

X. CHARGES TAKEN FROM BIRDS.
      NATATORES.  Stork.      INESSORES.
  Duck .  Snipe.  Raven.
      Drake.      Curlew.      Rook.
      Sheldrake.      Avocetta.      Crow.
      Wildduck.  Lapwing.      Daw.
      Mallard.      Pewit.  Cornish Chough.
      Teal.      Tirwhitt.      Beckit.
      Shoveller.      Sea pie.  Magpie.
      Cannet.  Bustard.      Jay.
      Muscovy Duck.    Starling.
      Smew, or      CURSORES.      Stern.
      White Nun.  Ostrich.  Finches.
  Goose.    // feathers.      Goldfinch.
      Magellan Goose.        Bullfinch.
      Wildgoose.      RASORES.      Chaffinch.
  Barnacle Goose.  Heathcock or      Brambling.
  Swan.      Blackcock.      Canary.
      Cygnet.  Moorcock or      Linnet.
  Cormorant.      Grouse.      Pinzon.
      Sea Aylet.  Cock, i.e.  Lark.
      Gannapie.      Barn-door Cock.  Bunting.
  Sea Gull.      Hen.  Sparrow.
      Sea Mew.      Gamecock.  Blackbird.
      Tern.      Cockerells.  Wren.
      Sea Pewit.      Capon.      Robin Redbreast.
      Sea Fowl.  Pheasant.  Martlet.
  Auk.      Mitus.  Swallow.
      Murr.  Partridge.      Martin.
      Razorbill.  Peacock.  Kingfisher.
  Pelican.      Peahen.      RAPTPRES.
      Turkey.  Eagle.
      GRALLATORES.  Dove.      Eaglet.
  Coot.      Ring Dove.      Alerion.
      Baldcoot.      Turtle Dove.  Falcon.
      Moorhen.      Stock Dove.      Hawk.
  Crane.      Pigeon.      Sparrowhawk.
  Heron.      Wood Pigeon.      Goshawk.
      Heronshaw.        Kite.
      Bittern.      SCAMSPRES.      Sacre.
      Fencock.  Parrot.      Merlion.
      Spoonbill.      Parroquet.  Vulture.
  Plover.      Popinjay.  Owl.
            Horned Owl.

xx SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

XI. CHARGES TAKEN FROM REPTILES.
      CHELONIA.      OPHIDIA.      AMPHIBIA.
  Tortoise.  Serpent.  Frogs.
      LACERTILIA.      Snake.      Tadpoles.
  Lizard.      Bisse.      Powets.
  Cameleon.  Adder.      Toads.
      CROCODILIA.      Asp.  Effets.
  Alligators.      Viper.      Askers.
      Crocodile.        Newts.

XII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM FISH.
  OSSEOUS FISHES.  Bream.  Turbot.
  Perch.  Lucy, or Pike.      Sole.
      Chabot.      Ged.      Flook.
  Gurnet.  Flyingfish.      Flounder.
      Mullet.  Salmon.          --------
  Mackerel.      Trout.  Eels.
  Swordfish.      Smelts.      Congereels.
  Gudgeon.  Herring.      Grigs.
      Loach.      Cobfish.  
          --------      Sprats.  CARTILAGENOUS FISHES.
  Barbel.      Pilchard.  Sturgeon.
      Tench.      Garvin.  Shark.
  Mogul, fish of.  Cod.      Dogfish.
      Carp.      Hake.  Lampreys.
  Chub.      Ling.  
      Minnow.      Whiting.  
        

XIII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM INVERTEBETE CREATURES.
      INSECTA.  Bees.      ANNULOIDA.
  Grasshoppers.      Hornets.  Sea Urchins.
  Crickets.      Beehives.      CRUSTACEA.
      --------  Ants.  Crab.
  Fly.      Emmets.  Lobster.
      House-fly.  Beetles.      Crevices.
  Gad-fly.      Stag Beetles.  Shrimps.
      Gadbee.        Prawns.
      Brimsey.      ANNULOSA.      MOLLUSCA.
  Butterfly.  Horseleech.  Escalop.
      Harvest-fly.  Spider.  Whelks.
  Silkworm-fly.  Scorpion.  Snails.

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxi

XIV. CHARGES TAKEN FROM PARTS OF MEN AND ANIMALS.

A. OF MEN, WOMEN, CHILDREN, &c.
  Head, Man's.  Head, Woman's.  Bones.
    // Saracen's.    // Lady's.      Human skull.
    // Turk's.    // Maiden's.      Jaw-bone.
    // Negro's.    // Nun's.  Heart.
    // Moor's.    // Children's.  Arm.
    // Savage's.    // Infant's.  Hand.
    // Chieftain's.  Eye.  Leg.
    // Saxon's.  Hair.  Foot.
    // Egyptian's.  Limbs.  

B. OF ANIMALS.
  Heads of Beasts.  Gambes of Beasts.  Ears of Beasts.
    // of Birds.      Paws.  Attires of Deer.
    // of Fish.  Legs of Beasts.      Tynes //
    // of Monsters.  Horns of Beasts.  Lambs' Kidneys.
  Wings of Birds.  Tails of Beasts.  Cows' Horns.

XV. CHARGES TAKEN FROM MONSTERS.
  MONSTERS WITH WINGS.  BEASTS WITH FISHES'  MAN MONSTERS.
  Griffin.                  TAILS.  Satyrs.
      Dragon.  Sea Horse.      Satyral.
      Alce.      Sea Lion.      Centaur.
      Opinicus.      Sea Dragon.      Sagittarius.
  Cockatrice, with      Sea Dog.      Triton.
      Wyvern.      Sea Wolf.      Lampago.
      Basilisk.  COMBINED BEASTS.      Man Tiger.
      Amphistere.  Unicorn.  WOMAN MONSTERS.
      Hydra.  [Allocamelus.]  Sphinx.
  BEASTS WITH WINGS.  [Apre.]      Harpy.
  Pegasus, with  [Bagwyn.]      [Chimera.]
      Winged Stag.  [Musimon.]  Mermaid.
      Winged Bull.  [Yale.]      Siren.
      Python.  Deer-goat(heads).  CREATURES IN FIRE.
      Winged Ox.  Lion-goat(heads).  Phœnix.
      Winged Lion.        Salamander.

xxii SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

XVI. CHARGES TAKEN FROM THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM.

A. FOREST TREES, &c.
  Alder berry.  Holly tree.  Palm tree.
  Ash tree.    // branches.      Cocoa nut tree.
      rowan branches.    // leaves.      China Cokar.
      ashen Keys.  Ivy branches.  Pine tree.
  Beech branch.  Laurel tree.    // cone.
  Birch branches.    // branches.      Fir tree.
    // leaves.    // leaves.      Cedar.
  Elder leaves.    // bay leaves.      Cypress.
  Elm tree.  Linden leaves.  Poplar tree.
    // leaves.  Maple tree.      Aspen leaf.
  Hawthorn tree.  Oak tree.  Staff tree leaves.
    // leaves.    // leaf.  Willow tree.
      Whitethorn.  Acorn.      Salix.
      Mayflowers.      Acorn cup.      Osier.
        Yew tree.

B. FRUITS AND FRUIT-TREES.
  Almond slip.  Olive tree.  Quince fruit.
    // leaves.    // branch.  Strawberry sprigs.
  Apple tree.  Orange tree.    // leaf.
    // fruit.    // fruit.      Frasier.
  Barbary branch.  Pear.  Vine.
  Cherry tree.      Warden pear.    // branch.
    // fruit.  Pine apple.    // leaves.
  Fig tree.      Ananas.      Grapes.
  Hazel leaves.  Plum.  Walnut leaves.
      Nuts.  Pomegranate tree.    // [tree].
      Filberts.    // fruit.  
  Mulberry.      Apple of Granada.  

C. FLOWERS AND FLOWERING PLANTS.
  Balm.  Honeysuckle.  Sengreen.
  Betony leaf.  Lily.  Silphium.
  Carnation.      Iris.  Sunflower.
      Pink.  Marigold.      Heliotrope.
  Broom.  Narcissus.  Thistle.
      Planta genista.  Nettle.      Teazel.
  Bluebottle.  Pansy.  Trefoil leaf.
      heydodde?  Poppy.      Shamrock.
  Columbine.  Primrose.  Tulip.
  Daisy.  Rose.  Violets.
  Gilly flower.    // damask.      Gletver Leaf.
  Heliotrope.    // heraldic.  

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxiii

CHARGES TAKEN FROM THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM(continued).

D. MISCELLANEOUS PLANTS, GRAIN, &c.
  Beans.  Hopbines,  Tobacco.
      Beancods.      Hop poles.  Turnip.
  Cinnamon leaves.  Mandrake.  Watercress leaves.
  Cloves.  Parsley leaves.  Wheat ears.
  Cotton tree.  Peascods.    // sheaves.
  Cummin.  Pepper pods.      Big wheat.
  Dock leaf.  Reeds, bundles of.      Guinea wheat.
      Bur leaf.    // sheaves of.      Barley ears.
  Fern leaves.    // tufts.      Corn ears.
      Adder's tongue.      Rushes.      Oat sheaves.
  Garlic.      Bulrushes.      Rye ears.
  Gourds.  Seaweed.        // stalks.
  [Graintree.]      Laver.  Garbe.
  Grass, tufts.  Sugar canes.  
    // spires.    

E. PARTS OF TREES, CHAPLETS, CONVENTIONAL FORMS, &c.
  Tree.  Chaplet of roses.  Flower.
      branch.    // of flowers.  Fruit.
      limb of tree.    // of laurel.  Leaf.
      scrogs.    // of holly.  Root.
      twigs.    // of hazel.  Staff raguly.
      sprigs.    // of rue.      Wand.
      slips.    // of oak(or  Foil.
      graft.      Civic) wreath.  Trefoil.
      stock.      Bramble wreath.  Quatrefoil.
      stump.  Bush.  Cinquefoil.
      trunk.  Faggot.  Sexfoil.
        Fleur de lis.

XVII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM ARMOUR, ACCOUTREMENTS, &c.
  Helmet, Sovereign's.  Hauberk.  Gauntlet.
    // Duke's.      Habergeon.  Buckle.
    // Baronet's.  Cuirass.      Fermail.
    // Esquire's.      Breastplate.      Arming buckle.
      visor.  Shield.  Escarboucle.
      beaver.      Target.  Straps.
      gorget.  Escutcheon.      Wriststraps.
  Cap of Steel.  Belt.  Fetterlock.
      Basnet.      Baldrich.      Shackle bolts.
      Burgonette.  Arm.      Manacles.
      Morion.      Brassarts.  

xxiv SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

XVIII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM WEAPONS, WAR MATERIAL, &c.

A. GUNS, BOWS, AND ARROWS, &c.
  Guns.  Bow.  Shot.
      Cannon.      Long-bow.      Chain shot.
      Field piece.      Hand-bow.      Star stone.
      Chamber piece.      Cross-bow.  Fireball.
      Chamber.      Bowstring.      Bombs.
      Culverin.  Arrow.      Bombshells.
  Mortar.      Bundle of arrows.      Grenados.
  Matchlock.      Broadarrow.      Hand grenades.
  Matches, Roll of.      Quarrels.  Sling.
  Musket.      Bolts.      Sweep.
      Potgun.      Bird bolts.      Balista.
      Pistol.  Pheon.  Quiver.

B. SWORDS, SPEARS, AXES, &c.
  Sword.  Sabre.  Cronel.
      Arming sword.      Falchion.  Rest.
      Irish sword.      Scimitar.      Clarion.
      Claymore.      Seax.  Axe.
      Brand.      Badelaire.      Battle axe.
      Hilt.      Hanger.      Danish axe.
      Pomel.      Cutlas.      Tomahawk.
      Scabbard.  Dagger.      Lochabar axe.
      Bouterol.      Dirk.      Pole axe.
      Chape.      Rapier.  Staff.
      Crampet.      Poignard.      Pikestaff.
          Skean.      Club.
      Spear.      Truncheon.
          Lance.  
          Javelin.  
          Dart.  

C. WAR MATERIAL, TENTS, FLAGS, &c.
  Beacons.  Ladder(Scaling).  Flag.
      Cressets.  Target.      Standard.
  Torch.  Quiver.      Union Jack.
      Firebrand.  Shield.      [Gonfanon].
  Fire.  Tent.      Guidon.
  Fascines.      Tent staff.      Pennon.
  Battering ram.      Pavilion.      Pennoncel.
  Grappling irons.  Scroll.      Streamer.
  Caltrap.      Ribbon.  Banner.
        Beauseant.

D. HORSE-GEAR, &c.
  Horse trappings.  Saddle.  Horse shoe.
  [Hame].  Stirrup.  Horse picker.
  Bit.  Spur.  Barnacles.
      Boss.      Rowel.      Breys.
  Bridle.  Whip.  Curry comb.

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxv

XIX. CHARGES TAKEN FROM ARTICLES OF ATTIRE AND ORNAMENT.

A. ARTICLE OF ATTIRE.
  Crown.  Mitre.  [Mantle.]
      imperial.  Tiara.  Maunch.
      royal.  Wreath.      Sleeve.
      mural.  Cap.  Boot.
      celestial.      Chapeau.      Dutch boots.
      eastern.      Infula.      Irish brogues.
      naval.      Ducipers.      Shoes.
      civic.  Bonnet.  Hose.
      prince's coronet.  Hat.  Garter.
      ducal. //      Hatband.  Glove.
      earl's //  Robe.  

B. PERSONAL ORNAMENTS, DECORATIONS, JEWELS, &c.
  Sceptre.  Plumes.  Medal.
  Orb.      Feathers.      medallion.
      Mound royal.  Ring(gem).      clasp.
  Regalia.      jewelled.      pagoda.
  Mace.  Diamonds.      penny yard penny.
      Civic mace.      Crystals.  [George.]
  Collar.      Brilliants.  Riband.
      Ruby.  Angles.

XX. CHARGES FROM ARTICLES OF DOMESTIC USE.
  Mirror.  Purse.  Pot.
  Tapestry.      Pouch.      Possenet.
  Cushions.  Bellows.      Fleshpot.
      Pillow.  Pattens.      Waterpot.
      Tassel.  Stilts.  Ewer.
  Child's Cradle.  Clock.      Laver-pot.
  Chair.  Hourglass.      Jug.
  Trestle.      Sandglass.      Pitcher.
  Basket.  Balances.      Flagon.
    // of wastel cakes.  Key.  Buckets.
      Dorcer.      Wards.      Pails.
      Vane.  Spoon.  Waterbouget.
      Shruttle.  Scoop  Urn.
  Mortars.  Hook.      Vase.
      Pestle.      Fleshhook.  Tun.
  Brush.      Hangers.      Barrel.
      Besom.  Gridiron.      Tub.
  Lamp.  Cauldron.  Bottle.
  Candlestick.  Trivet.  Bowl.
      Pricket.  [Firechest.]  Salt.
  Ferris.  Cup.  Dishes.
  Comb.      Drinking Pots.      Platter.
          College Pots.  

xxvi SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

XXI. CHARGES TAKEN FROM HOME STUDIES, RECREATION, &c.
      LITERATURE.      SCIENCE.      MUSIC.
  Book.  Armillary Sphere.  Harp.
      Bible.      Globe.      Irish Harp.
      Song Book.  Astrolabe.      Jew's Harp.
      Music Book.      Quadrant.      Cloyshacke.
      Musical lines.  Magnetic Needle.  Violin.
      Clasps.      Compass Dial.      Fiddle.
      Seals.  Level staff.  Lyre.
  Chart.  Compasses.  Rest.
  Letters.  Spectacles.      Clarion.
      Greek letters.  Telescope.  Trumpet.
      Numerals.      GAMES.      Sackbut.
      Astronomical  Cards.      Hautboy.
                              Signs.      Ace.  Bugle Horn.
  Roll of Parchment.  Dice.      Hunting Horn.
  Penner.  Backgammon Table.  Pipes.
      Pens.  Chessrook.      Flutes.
      Ink horn.      Zules.      Shepherd's pipe.
      Sandboxes.  Top.      Organ pipes.
          Peg-top.  Bagpipes.
          Playing top.  

XXII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM IMPLEMENTS AND MANUFACTURES.

A. IMPLEMENTS USED IN HUSBANDRY.
  Spade.  Rake.  Sickle.
      Half Spades.      Thatcher's rake.      Scythe.
      Spade-irons.  Thatcher's Hook.      Reaping Hook.
      Shovels.  Plough.      Pruning Hook.
  Fork.      Ploughshares.  Bill.
      Pitchforks.      Coulters.  Churn.
      Dungforks.      Laver cutters.  Waggon.
      Hayfork.  Harrow.  Cart Wheel.
  Deebles.  Pruning Knife.  Barrow.

B. TOOLS, AND ARTICLES USED IN CARPENTARY AND BUILDING.
  Hammer.  Awl.  Nail.
      Clawed Hammers.      Gimlet.      Spikes.
      Broken Hammers.  Augur.  Cramp.
      Mallet.      Wimble.  Hook.
  Axe.  Pincers.      Tenterhooks.
      chipping-.  Carpenter's Square.  Staples.
      adze.    // Reel.  Swivels.
      hatchet.  Mason's Square.  Locks.
  Saw.  Yard measure.      Padlock.
      handsaw.  Trowel.  Hinges.
      framed Saw.  Hone-stone.  Wedges.
      crooked Saw.  Level.  Laths.
  Chisel.      Plummet.  

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxvii

CHARGES TAKEN FROM IMPLEMENTS AND MANUFACTURES(continued).

C. IMPLEMENTS AND ARTICLES CONNECTED WITH MANUFACTURE AND TRADE.
  Baker's Peel.  Founder's furnace.  Rope hook.
    // Manchet.    // tongs.  Shoemaker's Knife.
  Bale of silk.    // melting pot.  Silk hank.
      Bag of madder.  Glazier's nippers.    // bundle.
  Basketmaker's iron.    // grossing iron.  Silkthrower's mill.
    // prime.    // cripping iron.  Sugar-loaves.
    // cutting knife.  Hatmaker's Merillion.  Surgeon's Fleam.
    // outsticker.  Hemp brake.    // Lancet.
  Blacksmith's Anvil.  Ironmonger's Gad.    // Spatula.
  Bowyer's Float.  Knitting frame.  Tailor's Scissors.
    // Hank.  Marbler's Axe.    // slea.
  Bricklayer's Axe.  Metal.    // shears.
  Butcher's preen.      Blocks of metal.    // shuttle.
    // habbick.      Ingot of gold.    // slippers.
  Coaches.      Cake of Copper.    // burling iron.
  Cords.      Pig of Lead.  Wine press.
      Knots.  Mill-wheel.    // piercer.
  Cooper's Grose.      -clacks.    // point.
  Cotton Hank.      -rinds.    // ring.
  Currier's shave.      -hoppers.    // [engross-
  Distillatory.      -stones.          ing block.]
  Eel-spaer.      -picks.  Woodmonger's Fag-
      Harpoon.  Needles.      gots.
  Embroiderers-      Bodkins.  Wool card.
      broaches.  Net.      Working card.
      trundles.  Pattenmaker's pattens.      Stock card.
      quils of yarn, &c.    // Cutting knife.  Wool comb.
  Fan-maker's Buttrices.  Pewterer's Limbeck.      Flax comb.
      Fish basket.  Pick-axe.      Jersey comb.
      Eel-pots.      Coal pick.  Wool-pack.
  Fish Hook.      Paviour's pick.    // sack.
      Plasterer's Brush.  
      Plumber's cutting knife  
        // Shavehook.  
        // Soldering iron.  
        // Cross-staff.  

[N.B. Many of the charges on this page are from Insignia
of London Companies.]

xxviii SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

XXIII. CHARGES TAKEN FROM SHIPS AND SHIPPING.
  Ship.  Lymphad.  Rudder.
      Spanish brig.      Galley.  Anchor.
      [Shambrogue.]  Boat.      Stock.
      Hulk.      Lighter boat.      Beam.
      Stern.      Open boat.      Fluke.
      Mast.      Bark.      Cable.
      Topmast.      Skiff.  Ship's Lantern.
      Rigging.      Raft.  Boatswain's Whistle.
      Sail.      Oars.  Mariner's cross-
          Boat-hook.      staff.

XXIV. CHARGES TAKEN FROM OBJECTS SEEN IN THE HEAVENS.
  Sun.  Moon.  Planet.
      Eclipse.      Decrescent.  Polar Starh.
  Ray.      Increscent.  Clouds.
  Rainbow.      Crescentg.  Comet

XXV. CHARGES TAKEN FROM LANDSCAPES, BUILDINGS, AND PARTS OF BUILDINGS.

A. OBJECTS IN A LANDSCAPE.
  Mount.  Ocean.  Park.
      Mountain.      Waves.      Park-pales.
      Hill.  Well.  Wood.
      Mound.      Fountain of water.      forest.
  Water.  Weir.      grove.
      River.  Bridge.      hurst.
      Bubble.  Gate.  Rock.
      Loch.  Turnstile.  Cave.
      Pond.    Mine.

B. BUILDINGS AND PARTS OF BUILDINGS.
  Town.  Royal exchange.  Pillar.
      City.  Lighthouse.      Column.
  College.  Windmill.      Capital.
  Castle.  Watermill.      Base.
    // Fortress.  Dovecote.      Pedestal.
    // Barbican.  Gateway.  Degrees.
    // Bartizans.      Door arches.      Steps.
    // Trench.  Tower.  Window.
    // Parapet.      Turret.  Bracket.
  Portcullis.      Steeple.  Brick-kiln.
  Church, &c.      Cupola.      Bricks.
      See under Series  Spire.  Stones.
          No. VIII.  Vane.  Flagstones.
  Temple.      Weathercock.  Wall.
    // antique.  Arches.      Dyke.

h See also Crescent and Estoile, §V. (D), under Conventional Curvilinear charges.

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxix

XXVI. DESCRIPTIVE TERMS APPLIED TO ORDINARIES AND CHARGES ABOVE NAMED.

A. RELATING TO THE POSITION OF ORDINARIES OR CHARGES AS REGARDS THE FIELD OR AS REGARDS ONE ANOTHER.
  sinister.  in quadrature.  cantoned.
  dexter.  ensigned by.  interlaced.
  in chief.  enfiled by.  embraced.
  in base.  pierced with.  concentric.
  in pale.  surmounted by.  cottised.
  in fesse.  supporting.  gemel.
  barwise.  sustaining.  fimbriated.
  bendwise.  surtout.  cousu.
  saltirewise.  over all.  accosted.
  enhanced.  brochant sur le tout.  accompanied.
  embelief.  depressed.  confronting.
  sovereign.  debruised.  affrontant.
  abased.  throughout.  contourné.
  transposed.  transverse.  reversed.
  two and one.  issant.  addorsed.
  two and two.  jessant.  conjoined.
  three, two, one.  naissant.  appointé.

B. AFFECTING THE OUTLINES OF ORDINARIES AND SOME FEW CHARGES.
  humetty.  inarched(of a chev-  barby(of a cross)
  alèsé.      ron).  flory //
  dimidiated.  couched //  avellane //
  demi.  fracted //  recercellé //
  rebated.  debruised(of a bend).  ancetty //
  pery.  embowed.  bourdonné //
  enty.  biparted.  cramponné //
  bevilly.  fitchy.  annuletty //
  parted.  aiguisé.  nowy //
  voided.        See also p. 179.
See also under III. A. Lines of Partition, and C. of Diversity.

C. APPLIED MORE ESPECIALLY TO THE HUMAN FIGURE.
  armed(of man).  bowed, embowed(of  apaumy(of hands).
  environed(of heads).      arms, &c).  avenant //
  envelloped //  reflexed.  clenched //
  wreathed //  vambraced.  
  crined //    

xxx SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

DESCRIPTIVE TERMS APPLIED TO ORDINARIE AND CHARGES(continued).

D. APPLIED MORE ESPECIALLY TO BEASTSi.
  passant.  rearing(of a horse).  armed.
  guardant.  cabré //  membered.
  regardant.  careering //  dismembered.
  respectant.  in full career//  unguled.
  in trian aspect.  at random(of dogs).  incensed.
  sejant.  combatant(of 2 lions).  vulned.
  affronty.  fettered(of a horse).  chained.
  statant.  caparisoned //  baillonné.
  at gaze.  spancelled //  accolé.
  rampant(of a lion).  barded //  erased(of heads).
  couchant //  maned //  couped //
  clymant(of a goat).  belled(of a cow, &c).  caboshed //
  segreant(of a griffin).  attired(of a deer).  massacre //
  salient(of a deer).  chevillé //  erect //
  at bay //  defamed(of a lion).  upright //
  browsing //  winged(of a lion).  dejected //
  trippant //  courant(of a dog).  nowed(of tails).
        queued //
        coward //

E. APPLIED ESPECIALLY TO BIRDS, REPTILES, FISH, AND INVERTEBRATE CREATURES, &c.
  beaked(of birds).  in her piety(of a  naiant(of fishes).
  membered.      pelican).  haurient //
  crested.  grilleté(of a falcon).  urinant //
  jellopped(of a cock).  jessed //  vorant //
  wattled //  chaperonné //  ingulphant //
  preying(of birds).  belled //  pamé //
  lolling //  Lure //  finned //
  rising //  Hood //  ecaillé //
  volant //  close(of wings).  moucheté(of lam-
  surgerant //  disclosed //      preys).
  soaring //  overt //  gradient(of tortoises).
  pecking //  endorsed //  involved(of serpents).
  perched //  sepurture //  nowed //
  pruning its wings  expanded //  tergiant(of lobsters).
  collying //  conjoined //  volant en arrière(of
  in his majesty(of an  in lure //      insects).
      eagle).    

i A few of these terms as regards position are also applied to birds.

SYNOPTICAL TABLE. xxxi

DESCRIPTIVE TERMS APPLIED TO ORDINARIES AND CHARGES (continued).

F. APPLIED ESPECIALLY TO CHARGES BELONGING TO THE VEGETABLE KINGDOM.
  fructed(of trees).  acorned(of oaks).  husked(of an acorn).
  lopped //  slipped(of stalks).  graminy(of chaplets).
  snagged //  barbed(of leaves).  stalked(of flowers).
  trunked //  barded(of wheat).  seeded //
  eradicated //  aulned //  leaved //
  blasted //  bladed //  banded(of garbs).

G. APPLIED TO SPECIAL OBJECTS.
  barbed(of arrows, &c).  purfled(of armour, &c).  inflamed(of a beacon).
  pheoned //  close(of helmets).  flamant //
  in sheaves //  corded(of bales, &c).  fumant(of a kiln).
  in bundles //  stoned(of rings).  antique(of vessels, &c.
  shafted(of weapons,&c).  adorned(of dress).  in splendour(of the sun).
  hafted //  fringed(of a pall).  radiate //
  emmaunched //  chained(of anchors,&c).  rayonnant //
  embowed //  cabled //  increscent(of the moon).
  stringed(of bows).  masoned(of buildings).  decrescent //
  buckled(of straps).  ajouré //  in her complèment //
  bataillé(of a bell).  quadrangular(of castles).  pendent(of a crescent).
  clawed(of hamers).  Degrees(of a cross).  
  Doubling(of a mantle).  fired(of a cannon).  

XXVII. GENERAL HERALDIC TERMS.

A. TERNS CONNECTED ESPECIALLY WITH BLAZON.
  Field.  Bearings.  impaling.
  Tincture.      Trick.  quartered.
      [See ante I.]      Sides.  counter.
  Ordinaries.      Panes.  counterchanged.
      [See ante II.]      Traits.  semé.
  Points.      Interstices.  crusilly.
      [See ante IV.]      Verge.  dispered.
  Charges.      proper.  accolé(of shields).
      [See ante V.-XXV.]      plain.  

xxxii SYNOPTICAL TABLE.

GENERAL HERALDIC TERMS (continued).

B. TERMS CONNECTED WITH THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF HERALDRY.
  Heraldry.  Crest.  Arms of Dominion.
      Armorie.  Lambrequin.  ---- of Pretension.
      Rolls of Arms.  Mantle.  ---- of Succession.
      Visitations.  Motto.  ---- Family.
  Shield.  Escroll.  ---- of Assumption.
  Arms.  Cordon.  ---- of Alliance.
  Insignia.  Supporters.  ---- of Adoption.
  Achievements.  Surcoat.  ---- of Concession.
  Escutcheon.  Tabard.  ---- of Patronage.
  Chaperonnes.  Badge.  ---- of Office.
  Emerasses.  Device.  ---- of Communities.
  Marshalling.  Rebus.  Insignia of England.
  Baron et Femme.  Merchant's Mark.  ---- of Scotland.
  Composed arms.  Abatements.  ---- of Ireland.
  Cadency.  Stainand colours.  ---- of Wales.
  Difference.  Augmentations.  
  Ulster Badge.  Armes pour enquerir.  

XXCIII. TITLES, ORDERS, KNIGHTS, HERALDIC OFFICERS, &c, &c.
  King.  Orders(continued).  Heralds.
  Duke.  Hanoverian or Guelphic  Garter King of Arms.
  Marquess.  Of Knights Hospital-  Clarenceux //
  Earl.      lers.  Norroy //
  Viscount.  Of SS.Michael and  Bath //
  Baron.      George.  Lord Lyon //
  Baronet.  Of the Passion.  Ulster //
  Marshal.  Of S.Patrick.  Chester Herald.
  Knights.  Of the Round Table.  Lancaster//
  ---- Grand Cross.  Of the Royal Oak.  Richmond //
  ---- Commanders.  Templers.  Somerset //
  ---- Companions.  Of the Thistle, or of  Windsor //
  ---- Bachelor.      S.Andrew.  York //
  ---- Banneret.  Of the Star of India.                  Pursuivants.
  Esquire.  Of S.Lazarus.  Rouge croix.
  Orders of Knights.  Of Victoria and Albert.  Blue mantle.
  Of the Bath.    Rouge Dragon.
  Of the Garter.    Portcullis.

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