The Medieval saddle consists of two 'bars' of material known as a 'tree', joined by rivets that sit either side of the horse's back. The tree is joined by the pommel at the front and the cantle at the back. The cantle sits slightly higher than the pommel and the saddle 'skirts' form a broad triangle not unlike the modern shabraque.
The Saddlers Guild known to be in existence in 1154, governed the manufacture of saddles which combined the efforts of saddlers, leatherworkers and tanners. Saddles were made from cowhide. Oak-bark tanning followed by a process known as 'currying' was employed in the preparation of the leather. The saddle is held in position by a breast-band and girths