HUGUE DE GOURNAY
Hugo de Gournay, Lord of Gournay, in Normandy, who bore, for arms, pure sable, was one of the barons who commanded at the battle of Mortimer, against the French in 1054. Subsequently, coming over to England with Duke William, he participated in the victory of Hastings, and was rewarded with the manorial grants in Essex, which he held at the period of the General Survey. His son, Gerard de Gournay, Baron of Gournay, in Normandy, and Baron of Yarmouth in England, greatly increased his power and influence, by marrying the Conqueror's granddaughter, Editha, daughter of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey. The issue of this brilliant alliance was one son and two daughters. Of the latter, the elder, Gundred, wife of Nigel de Albini, was progenitrix of the Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk, and the Albinia, feudal Lords of Camho; and the younger, who wedded Richard de Talbot, was ancestress of the Talbots of Bashall, co. York, and the Talbots, Earls of Shrewsbury. The son, Hugo de Gournay, Lord of Gournay, was great-grandfather of Julia de Gournay, the richly portioned bride of William Rudolph, Baron of Wirmgay. Thus ended the chief male line; two younger branches continued however to flourish. The one, which was the more distinguished, fixed its residence at Barew Gurney and Ingliah Combs, in Somersetshire, as early as the Survey, and, retaining the name of Gournay, through two female descendants, added to its territory the estates of the Harpetrees and other considerable families, and became powerful feudal barons in the West of England. The most generally known of this line, were Sir Thomas de Gournay, one of the murderers of Edward II., and his son, Sir Matthew de Gournay, who assisted at all the great battles of Edward III., and the Black Prince. The other younger branch of the Norman Gournays, held certain manors in Norfolk, as mesne lords, under the Barons of Gournay, the capital tenants, by whom they were subenfeoffed. Hence sprang the Gurneys of Harpley and West Bareham, from a younger son of which family descend the Gurneys of Norfolk, now represented by Hudson Gurney, Esq. of Keswick, F.R.S., and late Vice President of the Society of Antiquaries.
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