The spear was to the infantry what the lance was to the cavalry. The spear and lance had few differences, varying in length from six to seven feet, made of Ash and both having a leaf or diamond shaped blade. Crosspieces or lugs just below the spearhead can be seen on many of the spears, but as the crosspiece was a danger to the horseman, spears with crosspieces were more commonly used by the foot soldier. The purpose of the lug may have been to prevent it penetrating too deeply, allowing it to be withdrawn more easily. Javelins were also used but only by the Anglo-Saxon infantry.

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