Prince Frederick of the Netherlands

Prince Frederick
Spouse Princess Louise of Prussia
Louise, Queen of Sweden and Norway
Prince Frederik
Prince Willem
Marie, Princess of Wied
Father William I of the Netherlands
Mother Wilhelmine of Prussia
Born 28 February 1797(1797-02-28)
Died 8 September 1881 (aged 84)
Dutch Royalty
House of Orange-Nassau

Coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg

William I
   William II
   Prince Frederick
   Princess Paulina
   Marianne, Princess Albert of Prussia
   Louise, Queen of Sweden and Norway
   Prince William
   Prince Frederick
   Marie, Princess of Wied
William II
   William III
   Prince Alexander
   Prince Henry
   Prince Ernest Casimir
   Sophie, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
William III
   William, Prince of Orange
   Prince Maurice
   Alexander, Prince of Orange
   Princess Irene
   Princess Margriet
   Princess Christina
   Willem-Alexander, Prince of Orange
   Prince Friso
   Prince Constantijn
   Princess Catharina-Amalia
   Princess Alexia
   Princess Ariane
   Countess Luana
   Countess Zaria
   Countess Eloise
   Count Claus-Casimir
   Countess Leonore

Frederik, Prince of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau (full names: Willem Frederik Karel; Berlin, 28 February 1797 – Wassenaar, 8 September 1881), was the second son of king William I of the Netherlands and his wife Queen Wilhelmine.

Early life

The prince grew up at the court of his grandfather Frederick William II of Prussia and uncle Frederick William III of Prussia. One of his tutors was Karl von Clausewitz. Aged 16, the prince fought in the battle of Leipzig.

The prince first entered the Netherlands in December 1813. As he spoke no Dutch, the prince was sent to Leiden University to get a further education. He was also educated by Karl Ludwig von Phull in The Hague. When Napoleon returned from Elba, during the Hundred Days the prince was given command of a detachment of Wellington's army which was posted in a fall back position near Braine should the battle taking place at Waterloo be lost.

Prince of the Netherlands

Based on a house treaty, the prince would inherit the family's German possessions upon his father's death. As these were no longer in the possession of the family, this would be exchanged for the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg. In 1816, Frederik relinquished this claim for land in the Netherlands and for the title of Prince of the Netherlands.

In 1826 Frederik was appointed commissary-general of the department of war. In this function Frederik reorganized the army on a Prussian model. Frederik founded the military academy in Breda and reequipped the army with modern weaponry.

In 1829 Frederik was a candidate for the Greek throne but he declined because he did not want to be king of a country whose language and traditions were foreign to him.

During the Belgian Revolution of 1830, Frederik commanded the troops sent to Brussels to suppress the rebellion. After the independence of Belgium he took part in the Ten days campaign of 1831.

When his father abdicated in 1840, Frederik retreated from public life to his estates at Wassenaar but upon the death of his elder brother in 1849, the new King William III of the Netherlands recalled him to public life and in 1849 made him Inspector-General of the army, a function he held until 1868 when he resigned because of the lack of support for his modernization plans of the army.


Prince Frederick married in Berlin on 21 May 1825 his first cousin Louise, daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia. They had four children:

King Charles of Sweden and Louise had the daughter Louise, born princess of Sweden and Norway, who became queen consort of Denmark as spouse of Frederick VIII. Hence, prince Frederick became great-grandfather of King Christian X of Denmark and King Haakon VII of Norway.


  • His Royal Highness Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau (1797-1881)


16. John William Friso, Prince of Orange
8. William IV, Prince of Orange
17. Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel
4. William V, Prince of Orange
18. George II of Great Britain
9. Anne, Princess Royal
19. Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach
2. William I of the Netherlands
20. Frederick William I of Prussia
10. Prince Augustus William of Prussia
21. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
5. Wilhelmina of Prussia
22. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11. Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
23. Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1. Prince Frederik of the Netherlands
24. Frederick William I of Prussia (= 20)
12. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (= 10)
25. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (= 21)
6. Frederick William II of Prussia
26. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 22)
13. Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 11)
27. Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (= 23)
3. Wilhelmine of Prussia
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Charlotte Christine of Hanau-Lichtenberg
7. Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
15. Caroline of Zweibrücken
31. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken

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