Prince Henry of the Netherlands

Prince Henry
Prince of the Netherlands
Prince of Orange-Nassau
Spouse Amalia of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Princess Marie of Prussia
House House of Orange-Nassau
Father William II of the Netherlands
Mother Anna Pavlovna of Russia
Born 13 June 1820(1820-06-13)
Died 14 January 1879 (aged 58)

Prince William Frederick Henry of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Willem Frederik Hendrik, Prins der Nederlanden, Prins van Luxemburg, Prins van Oranje-Nassau) (13 June 1820 – 14 January 1879) was the third son of King William II of the Netherlands and his wife, Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. He was born at Soestdijk Palace.

Prince Henry became Governor of Luxembourg in 1850, in which capacity he served until his death in 1879. During his tenure, he worked with the government to launch the reactionary Coup of 1856, which consolidated power in the monarchy and the executive.[1] However, most of the changes were reversed by the new constitution issued in 1868 after the 1867 Luxembourg Crisis,[1] during which the crown tried to sell the grand duchy to Prussia.

Personal life

A bust of Prince Henry in Amsterdam

He married twice. On 9 May 1853, in Weimar, he married Amalia Maria da Gloria Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Ghent, 20 May 1830 - Walferdange Castle, 1 May 1872). On 24 August 1878, in Potsdam, he married Marie Elisabeth Louise Frederica of Prussia (Marmorpalais, 14 September 1855 – Schloss Albrechtsberg, 20 June 1888). Both marriages were childless. At the time of his death at Walferdange Castle from measles, he was third in line of succession to the Dutch throne.

Throughout his life, his title was His Royal Highness Prince Henry of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau.

Ancestors of Prince Henry of the Netherlands

16. William IV, Prince of Orange
8. William V, Prince of Orange
17. Anne, Princess Royal
4. William I of the Netherlands
18. Prince Augustus William of Prussia
9. Wilhelmina of Prussia
19. Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2. William II of the Netherlands
20. Prince Augustus William of Prussia (= 18)
10. Frederick William II of Prussia
21. Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (= 19)
5. Wilhelmine of Prussia
22. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
11. Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
23. Caroline of Zweibrücken
1. Prince Henry of the Netherlands
24. Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
12. Peter III of Russia
25. Anna Petrovna of Russia
6. Paul I of Russia
26. Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
13. Catherine II of Russia
27. Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp
3. Anna Pavlovna of Russia
28. Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
14. Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
29. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
7. Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
30. Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt
15. Friederike Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt
31. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia


  1. ^ a b (French) Christiane Huberty (November 2006). "Le Conseil d'État – un produit du conflit constitutionnel du milieu du XIXe siècle". Retrieved 2 December 2009. 


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