Valdemar III of Denmark

Danish Royalty
House of Estridsen
Armoiries Danemark.svg
Abel
Children
   Valdemar III, Duke of Schleswig
   Sophia, Princess of Anhalt-Bernburg
   Eric I, Duke of Schleswig
   Abel, Lord of Langeland
Grandchildren
   Margaret, Countess of Schwerin
   Valdemar IV, Duke of Schleswig
   Eric Longbone, Lord of Langeland
   Margaret, Abbess of Zarrentin
Great Grandchildren
   Eric II, Duke of Schleswig
Great-Great Grandchildren
   Valdemar III
   Helvig, Queen of Denmark
Valdemar III
Children
   Henry I, Duke of Schleswig
   Valdemar Valdemarsen

Valdemar III of Denmark (1314–1364) was a king of Denmark from 1326 to 1329 briefly when underage, as well as in 1325–26 and from 1330 to 1364 Duke of Schleswig as Valdemar V. He was a rival king set up against the unsuccessful Christopher II and was widely opposed by his many subjects. His term was ended when he abdicated. Sometimes the earlier king Valdemar the Young is called Valdemar III instead.

Biography

Valdemar's father was Duke Eric II of Schleswig and his mother was Adelheid of Holstein, daughter of Henry I of Rendsborg.

When his distant kinsman and the head of the rival royal branch Christopher II of Denmark was exiled from his kingdom, the Holsteiner and Danish high nobles got to choose a new king. Their choice fell to 11-year old Duke Valdemar V of Schleswig, who was the head of the branch descended from king Abel of Denmark. Due to his young age, his maternal uncle, the mighty Count Gerhard of Rendsborg (Gerhard III of Holstein) who also was the biggest pawnholder of mortgaged Denmark, was appointed as the Regent and guardian ("grev Gert" or "Den kullede Greve").

Valdemar's ascension promissory was at least as strict as Christopher's had been. There were some new stipulations, such as all royal castles in Scania should be demolished, and all nobles received the right to fortify their homesteads. The most important agreement however was so-called Constitutio Valdemariana that promised that in the future, the same person could never be both ruler of Slesvig and Denmark simultaneously.

Valdemar accordingly gave up his patrimony, Schleswig, and entfeoffed it to his uncle and guardian, whereby the first Holsteinian became a Duke: Gerhard, Duke of Jutland (or Sonderjylland or Schleswig).

Denmark was now held totally by certain nobles, in practice. That was not popular among peasants. A portion of the nobles were foreigners, and many set up new taxes. In 1328, peasants in Zealand rose to rebellion, which though was quelled. In 1329, was Jutland's turn to rebel. They had a better success, but were also quelled in the end. Finally, count Gerhard gave up in the name of his king, and in 1329 Christopher II was allowed to return to the throne. Valdemar became again Duke of Schleswig.

In 1340, he gave his only sister Helvig of Schleswig to marriage with Valdemar IV, the new king of Denmark. During the rest of his rule he led a changeable policy towards Denmark by which war alternated with co-operation.

Valdemar died in 1364. He was married to Richardis of Schwerin (died 1384), daughter of Count Günzelin VI of Schwerin-Wittenburg. They had two sons, Henry (died 1375) and Valdemar (died 1364), elder of whom, Henry, succeeded in Schleswig upon Valdemar's death.

Ancestry

Valdemar of Sleswick
Born: 1314 Died: 1364[aged 50]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Christopher II
King of Denmark
1326–1329
as Valdemar III
Succeeded by
Christopher II
Preceded by
Eric II
Duke of Schleswig
1325–1326 and again 1330–1364
as Valdemar V
(interrupted by the rule of Gerard I)
Succeeded by
Henry

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