Folio 209 Bedfordshire


folio 209


BEDFORD answered for a half Hundred before 1066, and does so now, in military
expeditions, by land and in ships. The land of this town was never assessed in
hides and is not now, except for 1 hide, which lay in the lands of St Paul's
Church before 1066, in alms, and now rightly so lies. But Bishop Remigius
wrongfully placed it outside the alms lands of St Paul's Church, as the men of
the Shire state. He holds it now, and whatever belongs to it. Value 100s.

List 1

List of landholders in Bedfordshire

  1. King William
  2. The Bishop of Bayeux
  3. The Bishop of Coutances
  4. The Bishop of Lincoln
  5. The Bishop of Durham
  6. The Abbot of St Edmund's
  7. The Abbot of Peterborough
  8. The Abbot of Ramsey
  9. The Abbot of Westminster
  10. The Abbot of Thorney
  11. The Abbess of Barking
  12. The Canons of London
  13. The Canons of Bedford
  14. Ernwin the priest
  15. Count Eustace
  16. Walter Giffard
  17. William of Warenne
  18. William of Eu
  19. Miles Crispin
  20. Arnulf of Hesdin
  21. Eudo the steward
  22. William Peverel
  23. Hugh of Beauchamp
  24. Nigel of Aubigny
  25. William Speke
  26. Robert of Tosny
  27. Gilbert of Ghent
  28. Robert d'Oilly
  29. Ranulf brother of Ilger
  30. Robert son of Fafiton
  31. Alfred of Lincoln
  32. Walter of Flanders
  33. Walter brother of Sihere
  34. Hugh of Flanders
  35. Hugh the butler
  36. Sigar of Chocques
  37. Gunfrid of Chocques
  38. Richard son of Count Gilbert
  39. Richard Poynant
  40. William the chamberlain
  41. William Lovet
  42. William Peverel
  43. Henry son of Azur
  44. Osbern son of Richard
  45. Osbern son of Walter
  46. Osbern Fisher
  47. Turstin the chamberlain
  48. Gilbert son of Solomon
  49. Albert of Lorraine
  50. David of Argentan
  51. Ralph de l'Isle
  52. Jocelyn the Breton
  53. Countess Judith
  54. Adeliza, wife of Hugh of Grandmesnil
  55. Azelina, wife of Ralph Tallboys
  56. The burgesses of Bedford
  57. The King's reeves and beadles and almsmen

The Land of the King

LEIGHTON [Buzzard], a household manor of the King's, now answers for 47 hides;
before 1066 there were only 30 hides. Of these 47 hides, 43 hides are in the
King's hands. Land for 52 ploughs. In lordship 6 ploughs. The villagers have 46
ploughs. 82 villagers, 30 smallholders and 2 slaves. 2 mills at 30s; meadow for
40 ploughs; woodland, 100 pigs; market tolls pay 7. In total, it pays 22 by
weight a year and half a day's provisions to the King's revenue, in wheat, honey
and other things which belong to the revenue; for the Queen's work 2 ounces of
gold; for 1 packhorse and for customary dog dues 70s, and 100s by weight and 40s
in white silver; Ivo Tallboys put this on from the increase; 1 ounce of gold a
year for the sheriff's work.

Wynsi the chamberlain held 10 hides of this manor's LEIGHTON [Buzzard] land from
King Edward. Ralph Tallboys placed them in Leighton [Buzzard], where they were
not attached before 1066; again, Ralph also placed another 7 hides in this
manor, which were not there before 1066. Starker, a thane of King Edward's, held
these 7 hides.

Bishop Remigius holds the church of this manor LEIGHTON [Buzzard], with 4 hides
which belong to it. These 4 are accounted for in the 47 hides of the manor. Land
for 3 ploughs. In lordship 1 plough; the villagers, 1 plough; another possible.
6 villagers and 6 smallholders. Meadow for 3 ploughs. The value of this land,
with the church, is and was 4. Bishop Wulfwy held it before 1066.


LUTON, a household manor of the King's, answers for 30 hides. Land for 82
ploughs. In lordship 4 ploughs. The villagers, 80 ploughs less 2. 80 villagers
and 47 smallholders. 6 mills which pay 100s; meadow for 4 ploughs; woodland,
2000 pigs; customary dues, 10s 8d; from tolls and the market, 100s. In total, it
pays 30 a year by weight and half a day's provisions in wheat, honey and other
customary dues which belong to the King's revenue; to the Queen 4 ounces of
gold; for a packhorse and other petty customary dues 70s; for customary dog
dues, 6 10s; from the increase which Ivo Tallboys put on 7 by weight and 40s
of white silver; 1 ounce of gold to the sheriff.

William the King's chamberlain holds the church of this manor LUTON, with 5
hides of land which belong to it. These 5 hides are of the 30 hides of the
manor. Land for 6 ploughs. In lordship 1 plough. The villagers have 5 ploughs.
11 villagers, 4 smallholders and 3 slaves. 1 mill, 10s; the church pays 20s a
year; woodland, 50 pigs. In total, the value is and was 60s. Morcar the priest
held this church with the land before 1066.

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