Here we see the surrender of Winchester. Strategically, Winchester, the ancient capital of England, was of great importance to William. It is here that William built a castle within the walls of the city and left his cousin and chief advisor William fitz Osbern in charge. Winchester was part of Queen Emma’s dower lands and seat of the royal treasury. William needed money to pay his troops. Without the means to pay his troops William’s campaign was doomed to failure. Queen Emma, named "the Pearl of Normandy,"was the mother of Edward the confessor. The people of Winchester are seen submitting and offering gifts to William in a similar manner to the events in Canterbury.