Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden

Prince Frederick Adolph

Prince Fredrick Adolf of Sweden Swedish: Fredrik Adolf German: Friedrich Adolf (18 July 1750 Drottningholm - 12 December 1803 Montpellier, France), was a Swedish Prince, youngest son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, a sister Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. He was given the title Duke of Östergötland.

Biography

  Swedish Royalty
  House of Holstein-Gottorp
Blason Adolphe Frédéric de Suède.svg

Adolf Frederick
Children
   Gustav III
   Charles XIII
   Frederick Adolf, Duke of Östergötland
   Sophia Albertina, Abbess of Quedlinburg
Gustav III
Children
   Gustav IV Adolf
   Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland
Gustav IV Adolf
Children
   Gustav, Prince of Vasa
   Carl Gustav, Grand Duke of Finland
   Sophie, Grand Duchess of Baden
   Princess Amalia Maria Charlotta
   Cecilia, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg
Grandchildren include:
   Carola, Queen of Saxony
Charles XIII

The Duke was described as "The most beautiful Prince in Europe" and as sensitive, passive and spoiled by his mother. He and his sister, Sophia Albertina, was their mother's favourites and also devoted to each other; during family conflicts, such as the famous succession scandal regarding the questioned legitimacy of the Crown Prince in 1778, he and his sister was on their mother's side. As a child, he had a weak health and a fierce temperament. His education became somewhat lacking. He was given the title colonel at twelve and general major at eighteen. He took part in the revolution of 1772 and was given the title of duke of Östergötland by his brother as a recognition, but he soon became a part of the opposition against his brother.

His sister-in-law, Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, describes him as beautiful, with expressive eyes, an easy going temper, and very handsome when he dresses properly, though often badly dressed in his private life, and gives the estimation that he would have been a greater social success, if he did not say so many suggestive things and had such a filthy mouth, which he acquired because he had spent too much time with men, and had such a weakness for women and sex.

He had no task in his life other than the ceremonial, and spent his life wasting money and involving himself in love affairs, among them with the actress Euphrosyne Löf, sister of the great prima donna Fredrique Löwen. He did, however, service in the Russo-Swedish War in Finland in 1788.

Prince Fredrick Adolf was never married, and the ceremonial duties of his consort were performed by his sister Sophia Albertina. He had several plans to marry, but none of them was realised. His first proposal was to the Countess Ulla von Höpken, but she was married to another, and he was sent to France to forget her (1770). In 1774, he proposed to the cousin of his former love, Countess Sophie von Fersen, daughter of Axel von Fersen the Elder and sister of Axel von Fersen the Younger, the alleged lover of Marie Antoinette. She and her father refused, as they were afraid that she would be badly treated by his brother and mother, who was reluctant to give their consent, and because she was already engaged, and Frederick Adolf was sent to Italy (1776) until she was married. He lived from 1778 to 1795, in a happy relationship with the ballet dancer Sophie Hagman, who was well liked at court, and had a daughter, Sophia Frederica, with her. In 1780, he temporarily ended his relationship with Hagman and proposed to the noble Margaretha Lovisa Wrangel, with whom he became informally engaged. The King gave his permission to the marriage with the condition that is was postponed for a year (during which Wrangel was sent to Scania), with the thought that his brother would change his mind; this was also the case, and Frederick Adolf returned to Hagman in 1781 . After his relationship with Hagman ended, he proposed to princess Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom (1797), and after his relationship with Euphrosyne Löf ended he proposed to Dorothea von Medem, dowager duchess of Courland (1801), but none of the marriages was realized .

In 1800, Frederick Adolf left Sweden for health reasons and trawelled to Germany and then to France. He died in Montpellier in France in 1803.

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Marie Elisabeth of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Frederick III of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Frederikke Amalie of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Adolf Frederick of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Friedrich VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Christine Magdalen of Zweibrücken
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Frederick III, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (= 16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Auguste Marie of Holstein-Gottorp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Marie Elisabeth of Saxony (= 17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Frederick I of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Louise Henriette of Orange-Nassau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Frederick William I of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Sophia, Countess Palatine of Simmern
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Louisa Ulrika of Prussia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Ernest Augustus, Elector of Hanover (= 26)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. George I of Great Britain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Sophia, Countess Palatine of Simmern (= 27)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Sophia Dorothea of Celle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Eleonore d'Esmier d'Olbreuse
 
 
 
 
 
 

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