Prince Gustav of Sweden

This detail comes from an 1870s glass painting by Wladimir Swertschkoff in the Cathedral of Turku pictures Karin Månsdotter "rejecting the crown". At her side are the two children Sigrid Eriksdotter Vasa and Gustav Eriksson Vasa.
Swedish Royalty
House of Vasa
Arms of the House of Vasa.svg
Gustav I
Erik Johansson, Cecilia Månsdotter
Eric XIV, John III, Catherine, Cecilia, Magnus, Anna Maria, Sophia, Elizabeth, Charles IX
Eric XIV
Sigrid, Gustav
John III
Sigismund, Anna, John
Władysław IV, John II Casimir, John Albert, Charles Ferdinand, Alexander Charles, Anna Catherine Constance
Charles IX
Catherine, Gustav II Adolf, Maria Elizabeth, Christina, Charles Philip
Charles X Gustav
Gustav II Adolf

Prince Gustav of Sweden, or Gustav Eriksson Vasa (January 28, 1568 – February, 1607) was a Swedish prince and the son of king Eric XIV of Sweden and Karin Månsdotter.

Gustav was sent to live outside of Sweden in 1575, to protect him from King John III who feared that the supporters of Eric would try to deprive his son of the crown. Gustav came to Poland where he lived in poverty and despair. At some time during his stay he became a Catholic.

Ivan IV of Russia attempted to persuade Gustav to help him in his political ambitions around the Baltic, but these attempts (which included both promises and several years exile) failed.

In August 1599 Gustav arrived in Moscow for a proposed marriage to the Tsar Boris Godunov's daughter Ksenia. But there, he lived a self-indulgent life. As a consequence, he invited his old lover Brita and their children to stay in his Russian home, and showing them in public in a carriage harnessed as though it was meant for the tsarina. As a result, the Tsar eventually broke off the engagement of his beloved daughter.

As compensation, the homeless Gustav received the principality of Uglich, where he lived until the beginning of the reign of the False Dmitry, who ordered his arrest by the demands of his ally — Sigismund III Vasa (cousin of Gustav and son of king John III) and sent him to Yaroslav jail. After the death of the False Dmitry, the new Tsar, Vasili IV of Russia, released Gustav and sent him to live in the small city of Kashin, Russia.

Gustav Eriksson Vasa died in February 1607 in Kashin and was buried there February 22. He was in elder history writing thought to have had four children with a certain Brita Karth and perhaps even have married her. This has however been refuted by modern historians.

Prince Gustav is the main character of the famous polish novel "Broken star" by Jadwiga Żylińska.

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