Princess Eugenie of Sweden

Princess Eugenie
Princess Eugenie (Daguerreotype photo)
Full name
Charlotte Eugenie Augusta Amalia Albertina
House House of Bernadotte
Father Oscar I of Sweden
Mother Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Born 24 April 1830(1830-04-24)
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Died 23 April 1889(1889-04-23) (aged 58)
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
Swedish Royalty
House of Bernadotte
Bernadotte coa.svg
Charles XIV John
   Oscar I
Oscar I
   Charles XV
   Gustaf, Duke of Upland
   Oscar II
   Princess Eugenie
   August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
   Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
   Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
   Gustaf V
   Oscar, Duke of Gotland
   Eugén, Duke of Närke
   Carl, Duke of Västergötland
   Princess Margaretha
   Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
   Astrid, Queen of Belgium
   Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
   Gustaf VI Adolf
   Vilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
   Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Gustaf VI Adolf
   Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
   Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
   Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
   Bertil, Duke of Halland
   Carl Johan, Duke of Dalarna
   Princess Margaretha
   Princess Birgitta
   Princess Désirée
   Princess Christina
   Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
   Crown Princess Victoria
   Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
   Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland

Princess Eugenie of Sweden and Norway (Swedish: Charlotta Eugenia Augusta Amalia Albertina) (24 April 1830, Stockholm Palace – 23 April 1889, Stockholm) was a member of the Royal House of Bernadotte and a dilettante artist.


Eugénie was born to King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg. She had weak health from birth, and it was therefore decided early that she should not marry. She did accompany her brother Charles to Prussia in 1846 with the thought that she might be presented there as a prospective bride, but no serious negotiations were ever made.

She said that this gave her the opportunity to live an independent life. When unmarried adult women in Sweden were granted legal majority in 1858 (initially only if they applied for it), she became perhaps the first woman in Sweden to request, and be granted, legal independence. When the siblings were little, one of their teachers took ill with tuberculosis, but was allowed to remain in employment, which may have affected the health of some of the children. Eugenie sometimes felt alone as a child: she was later to say, that during her childhood, she had the wish to be a boy just like her brothers were.

Eugenie of Sweden and Norway

In 1852, during the royal family's visit in Oslo, several of them were taken ill. Eugenie had pneumonia, and her health never fully recovered from this. She also lost her "darling brother"; Prince Gustaf, Duke of Uppland, her favorite among her siblings, which affected her. She was interested in spiritual things, but she was not a confessor of any religious belief in particular: she listened to several different Christian branches.

Eugenie was interested in many forms of art. She composed music, wrote poems, sculptured and painted the everyday life of the royal court. One of her friends was the writer Lina Sandell. Some of her designs were made into porcelain ornaments in Rörstrand and Gustavsberg. The most well-known piece of art attributed to her (incorrectly, however) is a drawing of a child and a dog called "Can't You Speak?", which became very popular as such an ornament. She wrote a book, Svenska prinsessor (English:Swedish Princesses), which was published in 1864 with a German book she had translated to Swedish, and her work was represented at the Stockholm Art Exhibition of 1866.

She used the income from her art to finance her social projects. Royal women were expected to take up charitable causes, but it is said that Eugenie's interest in social issues was genuine and not a duty. She freely gave away her money, to such an extent that her brother, the king, gave instructions to the governors in the cities his sister visited to "protect" his sister from "insolent beggars."

She had pneumonia several times, and was forced to confine herself to the few warm rooms in the royal palace during the winters. Her poor health gave her an interest in medicine, and she founded two orphanages and a home for incurables near her summer residence, Fridhem on Gotland, an island were she spent her summers since 1859. She founded an organization to help the handicapped and terminally ill children (1879), as well as Eugeniahemmet, a hospital for sick children (1882).

Sample of compositions

Piano compositions



16. Jean Bernadotte
8. Jean Henri Bernadotte
17. Marie du Pucheu
4. Charles XIV John of Sweden
18. Jean de Saint Vincent
9. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
19. Marie d'Abbadie de Sireix
2. Oscar I of Sweden
20. Joseph Clary
10. François Clary
21. Françoise Agnes Ammoric
5. Désirée Clary
22. Joseph Ignace Somis
11. Françoise Rose Somis
23. Catherine Rose Soucheiron
1. Princess Eugenie of Sweden
24. François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais
12. Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais
25. Marie Anne Henriette Françoise Pyvart de Chastulle
6. Eugène de Beauharnais
26. Joseph-Gaspard de Tascher
13. Joséphine de Tascher de La Pagerie
27. Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sanois
3. Duchess Josephine of Leuchtenberg
28. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
14. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
29. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
7. Princess Augusta of Bavaria
30. Prince Georg Wilhelm of Hesse-Darmstadt
15. Princess Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
31. Countess Marie Luise of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Heidesheim


Most of Wikipedia's text and many of its images are licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA)

Return to Main Index