Baldwin V, Count of Flanders
Baldwin V of Flanders (d. September 1, 1067) was Count of Flanders from 1036 until his death.
In 1028 Baldwin married Adela (Alix), daughter of King Robert II of France; at her instigation he rebelled against his father but in 1030 peace was sworn and the old count continued to rule until his death.
During a long war (1046–1056) as an ally of Godfrey the Bearded, Duke of Lorraine, against the Holy Roman Emperor Henry III, he initially lost Valenciennes to Hermann of Hainaut. However, when the latter died in 1049 Baldwin married his son Baldwin VI to Herman's widow Richildis and arranged that the sons of her first marriage were disinherited, thus de facto uniting the Count of Hainaut with Flanders. Upon the death of Henry III this marriage was acknowledged by treaty by Agnes de Poitou, mother and regent of Henry IV.
From 1060 to 1067 Baldwin was the co-Regent with Anne of Kiev for his nephew-by-marriage Philip I of France, indicating the importance he had acquired in international politics.
Baldwin and Adela had four children:
- Baldwin VI, 1030-1070
- Matilda, c.1031-1083 who married William the Conqueror
- Robert I of Flanders, c.1033–1093
- Henry of Flanders c.1035
|Count of Flanders
1036 – 1067