Cuilén of Scotland
The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba reports several events in the reign of Cuilén. It says that Marcan son of Breodalaig (or Breodalach) was killed in the Church of St Michael (in St Andrews), that Cellach, Bishop of Saint Andrews and Máel Brigte, also a Bishop, died. Other reported deaths include Domnall mac Cairill and Máel Brigte mac Dubacain, the identities of whom are unknown, but they must evidently have been important men. Máel Brigte might possible be a son of the Dubacan mac Indrechtaig, Mormaer of Angus, who was killed at the Battle of Brunanburh in 937. Finally, we are told that Leot and Sluagadach went to Rome, no doubt on church business.
In 971 Cuilén, along with his brother Eochaid, was killed in a hall-burning in Lothian by Amdarch, king of Strathclyde. The act was apparently in revenge for Cuilén's rape of Amdarch's daughter. The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, unusually, does not say that he was buried on Iona.
- ^ Cuilén is referred to by the Latin calque Caniculus, the whelp, in some sources. The epithet hringr (as in Sigurd Ring) sometimes associated with Cuilén is thought to be a misreading; compared Smyth, p. 210 and Duncan, pp. 20–21.
- ^ Early Sources, pp. 471–473; Annals of Ulster, s.a. 965; Duncan, p. 21.
- ^ Early Sources, p. 475.
- ^ Dated by the Annals of Ulster and the Chronicon Scotorum, s.a. 971. The Prophecy of Berchán and one version of the Chronicle are read as placing Cuilén's death in Strathclyde, perhaps near Abington in Upper Clydesdale; Early Sources, pp. 476–477 and notes.
- ^ Early Sources, pp.475–476; one variant of the Chronicle appear to suggest that Cuilén's daughter, rather than Amdarch's, was raped, another suggests Amdarch's daughter was killed.
- Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
- Duncan, A.A.M., The Kingship of the Scots 842–1292: Succession and Independence. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2002. ISBN 0-7486-1626-8
- Smyth, Alfred P. Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000. Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
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