- % Water
The traditional county borders Northumberland and County Durham to the east, Westmorland to the south, the Furness part of Lancashire to the south-west, Dumfriesshire to the north and Roxburghshire to the north-east.
The traditional county town is Carlisle and much of the Lake District is geographically located in Cumberland. It includes the lakes of Bassenthwaite Lake, Buttermere, Crummock Water, Derwent Water, Ennerdale Water, Loweswater, Ullswater, Thirlmere and Wastwater.
In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, a county council was created to administer the ancient county of Cumberland. The Local Government Act 1894 further divided the county into urban districts and rural districts.
Carlisle was created a county borough ie: one outside the control of the county council in 1915.
The Local Government Act 1972 abolished the administrative county of Cumberland in 1974 and it was then combined with Westmorland and parts of Lancashire and the West Riding of Yorkshire to form the new non-metropolitan county of Cumbria.
The name continues in use as a geographical and cultural term, and survives in Cumberland sausages and various organisations and companies, such as the local newspapers The Cumberland News, and The West Cumberland Times and Star, and the Cumberland Building Society.
In June 1994, during the 1990s UK local government reform, the Local Government Commission published draft recommendations , suggesting as one option a North Cumbria unitary authority, whose southern boundary would broadly match that of Cumberland's historic boundary. It also suggested that Cumberland could be reinstated as an independent ceremonial county. The final recommendations, published in October 1994, did not include such recommendations, apparently due to lack of expression of support for the proposal to the commission.
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