Shown within Cambridgeshire
|Region:||East of England|
- Total (2004 est.)
177 / km²
Huntingdonshire District Council
|Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|MPs:||Jonathan Djanogly, Shailesh Vara|
Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a historic county of England around the town of Huntingdon, currently administered as a local government district of Cambridgeshire. It includes St Ives, Godmanchester, St Neots, and Ramsey.
The earliest English settlers in the district were the Gyrwas, an East Anglian tribe, who early in the 6th century worked their way up the Ouse and the Cam as far as Huntingdon. After their conquest of East Anglia in the latter half of the 9th century, Huntingdon became an important seat of the Danes, and the Danish origin of the shire is borne out by an entry in the Saxon Chronicle referring to Huntingdon as a military centre to which the surrounding district owed allegiance, while the shire itself is mentioned in the Historia Eliensis in connection with events which took place before or shortly after the death of Edgar.
About 915 Edward the Elder wrested the fen-country from the Danes, repairing and fortifying Huntingdon, and a few years later the district was included in the earldom of East Anglia. Religious foundations were established at Ramsey, Huntingdon and St Neots in the 10th century, and that of Ramsey accumulated vast wealth and influence, owning twenty-six manors in this county alone at the time of the Domesday Survey. In 1011 Huntingdonshire was again overrun by the Danes and in 1016 was attacked by Canute. A few years later the shire was included in the earldom of Thored (of the Middle Angles), but in 1051 it was detached from Mercia and formed part of the East Anglian earldom of Harold. Shortly before the Conquest, however, it was bestowed on Siward, as a reward for his part in Godwins overthrow, and became an outlying portion of the earldom of Northumberland, passing through Waltheof and Simon de St Liz to David of Scotland. After the separation of the earldom from the crown of Scotland during the Bruce and Balliol disputes, it was conferred in 1336 on William Clinton; in 1377 on Guichard d'Angle; in 1387 on John Floland; in 1471 on Thomas Grey, afterwards marquess of Dorset; and in 1529 on George, Baron Hastings, whose descendants hold it at the present day.
The Norman Conquest was followed by a general confiscation of estates, and only four or five thanes retained lands that they or their fathers had held in the time of Edward the Confessor. Large estates were held by the church, and the rest of the County for the most part formed outlying portions of the fiefs of William's Norman favourites, that of Count Eustace of Boulogne, the sheriff, of whose tyrannous exactions bitter complaints are recorded, being by far the most considerable. Kimbolton was fortified by Geoffrey de Mandeville and afterwards passed to the families of Bohun and Stafford.
The hundreds of Huntingdon were probably of very early origin, and that of Norman Cross is referred to in 963. The Domesday Survey, besides the four existing divisions of Norman Cross, Toseland, Hurstingstone and Leightonstone, which from their assessment appear to have been double hundreds, mentions an additional hundred of Kimbolton, since absorbed in Leightonstone, while Huntingdon was assessed separately at 50 hides. The boundaries of the county have scarcely changed since the time of the Domesday Survey, except that parts of the Bedfordshire parishes of Everton, Pertenhall and Keysoe and the Northamptonshire parish of Flargrave were then assessed under this county.
Huntingdonshire was formerly in the diocese of Lincoln, but in 1837 was transferred to Ely. In 1291 it constituted an archdeaconry, comprising the deaneries of Huntingdon, St Ives, Yaxley and Leightonstone, and the divisions remained unchanged until the creation of the deanery of Kimbolton in 1879.
- % Water
sheriff, until in 1637 the two Counties were separated for six years, after which they were reunited and have remained so to the present day. The shire-court was held at Huntingdon.
In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, Huntingdonshire formed an administrative county, the third-smallest in England. In 1965 it was merged with the Soke of Peterborough to form Huntingdon and Peterborough - the Lieutenancy county was also merged. In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, it became part of the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire as the Huntingdon district. The district was renamed Huntingdonshire on 1 October 1984.
A pressure group the Association of British Counties (ABC) and their affiliates, state that most people from Huntingdonshire identify primarily with the traditional county. Despite a local government reform in the 1990s which restored county councils for Rutland and Herefordshire, Huntingdonshire county council was not restored. There is an affiliate of the ABC that seeks the restoration of a county council for Huntingdonshire. The present district does not match the traditional county boundaries exactly - Fletton has been annexed by the City of Peterborough; Everton and Swineshead have been annexed by Bedfordshire. It has annexed Eaton Ford and Eaton Socon from Bedfordshire.
|Succeeded by:||Huntingdon and Peterborough|
Smaller towns and villages
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