Leonora of England

English Royalty
House of Plantagenet

Henry II
Children
   William, Count of Poitiers
   Henry the Young King
   Richard I
   Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany
   King John
   Matilda of England
   Leonora of England
   Joan of England
Richard I
John
Children
   Henry III
   Richard, Earl of Cornwall
   Joan of England
   Isabella of England
   Eleanor of England
Henry III
Children
   Edward I
   Margaret of England
   Beatrice of England
   Edmund, Earl of Lancaster
Edward I
Children
   Joan of England, Countess of Gloucester
   Alphonso, Earl of Chester
   Edward II
   Thomas, Earl of Norfolk
   Edmund, Earl of Kent
Edward II
Children
   Edward III
   John, Earl of Cornwall
   Eleanor of England
   Joan of England
Edward III
Children
   Edward, Prince of Wales
   Lionel, Duke of Clarence
   John, Duke of Lancaster
   Edmund, Duke of York
   Thomas, Duke of Gloucester
   Joan of England
   Isabella of England
Grandchildren
    Richard II
    Philippa, Countess of Ulster
    Philippa of Lancaster
    Elizabeth of Lancaster
    Henry IV
    Catherine of Lancaster
    Edward, Duke of York
    Richard, Earl of Cambridge
    Constance of York
    Anne of Gloucester
Richard II
Queen Leonora (October 13, 1162October 31, 1214), was born as Princess Eleanor of England (and Aquitaine) and became Leonora, Queen of Castile as wife of Alfonso VIII.

She was born in Domfront Castle, Normandy. She was the seventh child and second daughter of King Henry II of England and his wife Queen Alienor. Her godfather was the chronicler Robert of Torigny, who had a special interest in her and recorded her life as best he could. She received her first name as namesake of her mother, who apparently was the first Alienor (Eleanor) ever.

Eleanor was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William, Count of Poitiers, Henry the Young King, Matilda of England, Richard I of England and Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany. She was also an older sister of Joan Plantagenet and John of England.

When she was eight years old, in 1170, she was married to King Alfonso VIII of Castile. The marriage was arranged to secure the Pyrennean border, with Gascony offered as her dowry.

They had 12 children:

  1. Berenguela, Queen of Castile (1180-1244)
  2. Sancho of Castile (1181-1181)
  3. Sancha of Castile (1182-1184?)
  4. Mafalda of Castile (1183?-1204)
  5. Urraca of Castile (1186-1220), married King Alfonso II of Portugal
  6. Blanca of Castile (1188-1252), married King Louis VIII of France
  7. Fernando of Castile (1189-1211)
  8. Constance of Castile (1196?-late 1190's)
  9. Leonor of Castile (1200-1244), married King James I of Aragon
  10. Constanza, nun at Las Huelgas (1203?-1243)
  11. Henry I, King of Castile (1204-1217).

Of all Eleanor of Aquitaine's daughters, her namesake Eleanor (who was called Leonor by her Spanish subjects) best inherited her mother's political influence. She reigned alongside her husband, who specified in his will that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berenguela to the king of Leon in the interest of peace.

When Alfonso died, his queen was reportedly so devastated with grief that she was unable to preside over the burial. Their daughter Berenguela instead performed these honors. Leonora then took sick and died only twenty-eight days after her husband, and was buried at Abbey de las Huelgas, in Burgos.

Sources

  • Fraser, Antonia. The Middle Ages, A Royal History of England.
  • Rada Jiménez, Rodrigo. Historia de los hechos de España.
  • Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Most of Wikipedia's text and many of its images are licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA)

Return to Main Index