Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales
Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (August 31, 1737 - March 31, 1813), was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of King George II and sister of King George III. She later married into the Ducal House of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. Her daughter, Caroline of Brunswick was the Queen consort of King George IV.
Princess Augusta Charlotte was born at St James's Palace, London. Her father was The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. Her mother was Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.
As a grandchild of the British monarch, she was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales from birth. She was second in the line of succession.
On January 16, 1764, Augusta married Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg at the Chapel Royal of St James's Palace.
In 1806, when Prussia declared war on France the Duke of Brunswick, 71 at the time, was appointed commander-in-chief of the Prussian army. On October 14th of that year at the Battle of Jena, Napoleon defeated the Prussian army and on the same day at the battle of Auerstadt, the Duke of Brunswick was seriously wounded and died a few days later. The Duchess of Brunswick, with two of her sons and a widowed daughter-in-law, fled her ruined palace for Altona and then fled to Augustenborg, a small town east of Jutland. The Duchess of Brunswick remained here residing with her niece Princess Louise Augusta (daughter of her sister Queen Caroline Mathilde of Denmark), until her brother, King George III of Great Britain finally relented in September 1807 to allow her to move to London. She moved in to Montague House, Blackheath, in Greenwich with her daughter the Princess of Wales but soon fell out with her daughter and purchased the house next door Brunswick House, as she renamed it. The Duchess of Brunswick lived out her days in Blackheath and died in 1813 aged 75.
Titles, Styles, Honour & Arms
- 1737-1764: Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales
- 1764-1813: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Brunswick-Luneburg
Together the couple had 7 children:
|Auguste Caroline Friederike Luise of Brunswick-Luneburg||December 3, 1764||September 27, 1788||married Frederick I of Württemberg; had issue|
|Karl Georg August, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg||February 8, 1766||September 20, 1806||married Frederika Luise Wilhelmine, Princess of Orange-Nassau; issue?|
|Caroline of Brunswick||May 17, 1768||August 7, 1821||married 1795, George IV of the United Kingdom; had issue|
|Georg Wilhelm Christian, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg||June 27, 1769||September 16, 1811||Declared an invalid; Excluded from line of succession|
|August, Prince of Brunswick-Luneburg||August 18, 1770||December 18, 1822||Declared an invalid; Excluded from line of succession|
|Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg||October 9, 1771||June 16, 1815||married 1802, Mary of Baden; had issue|
|Amelie Karoline Dorothea Luise, Princess of Brunswick-Luneburg||November 22, 1772||April 2, 1773|