Raoul I, Count of Vermandois

Raoul I of Vermandois (French: Raoul Ier "le Vaillant") (108514 October 1152), Count of Vermandois. He was son of Hugh of Vermandois and Adele of Vermandois.

His paternal gramdparents were Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev. His maternal grandparents were Herbert IV of Vermandois and Adele of Valois.

His only paternal uncle was Philip I of France. Through him Raoul was a first cousin of Louis VI of France and a first cousin, once removed of Louis VII of France.

Raoul served as the seneschal of France during the reign of his cousin Louis VII. Under pressure from Queen consort Eleanor of Aquitaine, Louis allowed him to repudite his wife Eléonore of Blois in favor of Eleanor's sister, Petronilla of Aquitaine. This lead to a war with Theobald II of Champagne, who was the brother of Raoul's first wife Eleonore. The war lasted two years (1142–44) and ended with the occupation of Champagne by the royal army.

Raoul and Petronilla were excommunicated by Pope Innocent II for their illegitimate marriage.

Family and children

Raoul was married three times. First, he was married with Eléonore of Blois, daughter of Stephen II, Count of Blois. They had only son, Hugues II of Vermandois, and was divorced in 1142. They had one son:

Raoul II of Vermandois (1127-1212) who died unmarried)

Second, he was married with Petronilla of Aquitaine. They had one child:

Elizabeth de Vermandois (1143-1183), married Philip, Count of Flanders.

Third, he was married with 1152 Laurette of Flanders, daughter of Thierry, Count of Flanders and Swanhilde. They had one daughter, Eleonore de Vermandois. She was married 5 times:

  1. (probably) Godfrey of Hainaut, Count of Ostervant (d. 1163).
  2. before 1167 William IV of Nevers.
  3. ca 1170 Matthew of Alsace.
  4. ca 1175 Count Mathieu III of Beaumont-sur-Oise.
  5. ca 1210 Etienne II of Blois.

Preceded by:
Hugues I le Grand
Count of Vermandois
Succeeded by:
Hugues II

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